Litigation occurs when two individuals or businesses can’t resolve their differences through negotiation, mediation, or other dispute resolution techniques. Litigation involves filing a complaint and suing another person or entity. After a complaint is filed the judiciary takes control of the controversy. A judge or commissioner will make decisions on the law and depending on the type of suit the judge or jury will decide the facts and who wins or prevails.
The victor in litigation will receive a judgment that can be enforced against the other party to the lawsuit. Unpaid judgments can become liens against real property. Some methods to collect on a judgment include garnishment against wage/salary, bank accounts, or against other assets.